How To: WordPress on Ubuntu Server

wordpress-ubuntu

How To: Install WordPress on Ubuntu server

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1. Install minimal Ubuntu server:
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This assumes you have already created a basic Ubuntu server in which to install WordPress.

2. Ensure that the server is up to date. You can update the Ubuntu server by connecting through console and typing:

sudo apt-get update

to refresh the packages. You may need to run one or both of the following commands to begin the update/upgrade:

sudo apt-get upgrade

and/or

 apt-get dist-upgrade

3. install ssh: This will make it much easier to configure remotely using an application such as Putty or any other such utility.

 sudo apt-get install openssh-server

4. Install LAMP packages (Linux, Apache, MySQL, PHP)

sudo apt-get install lamp-server^

Choose a password when prompted.
Test to see if the webserver is working by going to the ip address of the server in a browser. You should see “it works!” text

5. Now you are ready to Install WordPress:
**See below for alternate method using file transfers**

From terminal or console type:

wget http://wordpress.org/latest.tar.gz

c. once that completes type:

sudo tar -xzvf latest.tar.gz

6. Setting up MySQL:
**See below for alternate method using phpMyAdmin**
Login to MySql from console:

mysql -u root -p

(enter password when prompted)

CREATE DATABASE wordpress;

 

CREATE USER wordpressuser@localhost;

 

SET PASSWORD FOR wordpressuser@localhost= PASSWORD("password");

 

GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON wordpress.* TO wordpressuser@localhost IDENTIFIED BY 'password';

 

FLUSH PRIVILEGES;

 

EXIT

7. Rename and edit wp-config file
a. cd wordpress
b. ls
c. Rename wp-config-sample.php: sudo mv wp-config-sample.php wp-config.php
d. Edit the file by typing: sudo vi wp-config.php
e. Press “i” to insert text
f. Edit the setting to fit the previous SQL user and Database
g. Press “esc” and type :wq

8. Copy/Move WordPress to the www folder (literal version)
a. cd ..
b. sudo mv wordpress /var/www/
c. cd ..
d. cd ..
e. cd var
f. cd www
g. ls
h. sudo mv wordpress “your folder name”

9. Setting Up WordPress site
a. In a browser type http://yourIP/foldername/wp-admin/install.php
b. Fill in the fields.

10. You should now have a working WordPress site.

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::APPENDIX. some other custom moving of folders
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4. OPTIONAL:
1. Set file permissions
a. Issue a command to grant Apache ownership of the www folder (or a subfolder):

sudo chown -R www-data: /var/www/foldername/

b. Make sure the group is www-data on ‘/var/www:

sudo chgrp www-data /var/www

c. Add users to the group www-data:

sudo usermod -a -G www-data "user"

d. Make ‘/var/www’ writable for the group:

sudo chmod 775 /var/www

e. Set the GID for www-data for all sub-folders:

sudo chmod -R g+s /var/www

f. Your www directory and/or subfolder should look like “drwxrwsr-x” on an ‘ls -l’ output.

You should now be able to SFTP to your server as your user name and upload to ‘/var/www’ with no problems.

4a. Sometimes I then use a combination of putty (ssh) and WinSCP to upload phpmyadmin to the root directory as well as upload site data. From there I use PHPMyAdmin to create database users and databases via GUI.
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